Explore Cloud Compute with AWS
After completing this unit, you’ll be able to:
- Describe the function and benefits of AWS compute services.
- Describe serverless computing.
- Explain the services that support containerized applications in AWS.
Imagine you’re running a new retail startup. You have a shopping app that needs to support a fast-growing number of clients, but its performance is starting to slow due to your local on-premises servers. Now, you’re getting complaints of a poor shopping experience. On top of that, the cost of running your own servers just keeps rising, and it’s starting to feel like you can’t keep up.
With AWS compute services you can deploy virtual servers, use container management, or go serverless in a matter of minutes while saving on time and cost.
Get to Know AWS Compute Services
Building and running your organization starts with compute, whether you are building enterprise, cloud-native, or mobile apps, or sequencing the human genome. AWS compute services allow you to develop, deploy, run, and scale your applications and workloads.
AWS offers a growing portfolio of compute services, including (but not limited to):
Amazon Elastic Compute Cloud (Amazon EC2)
||Provision secure, resizable compute capacity in the cloud.
Amazon EC2 Auto Scaling
||Automatically add or remove EC2 instances according to conditions you define, such as changes in traffic.
Amazon Elastic Container Service (Amazon ECS)
||Run and scale Docker container applications on AWS.
Amazon Elastic Kubernetes Service (Amazon EKS)
||Deploy and manage containerized applications at scale with Kubernetes open source software.
||Run code without provisioning or managing servers.
|A serverless compute engine for containers that works with Amazon ECS and Amazon EKS.
Get Virtual Machines with Amazon Elastic Compute Cloud (Amazon EC2)
Amazon EC2 enables you to provision virtual computing environments, called instances, with a variety of operating systems. Amazon EC2 provides the same functionality as physical on-premises servers, but with the benefits of hosting in the cloud.
Here are a few benefits:
- Interact with instances as you would any machine.
- Increase or decrease capacity within minutes, not hours or days.
- Commission one, hundreds, or even thousands of server instances simultaneously.
- Select from multiple instance types, operating systems, and software packages.
- Integrate with most AWS services.
- Rapidly and predictably commission replacement images.
- Harden your environment to meet security-sensitive requirements.
- Pay a low rate for the compute capacity that you actually consume.
- Use Amazon EC2 Auto Scaling to maintain availability of your Amazon EC2 instances and automatically scale in or out depending on your needs.
To start building with Amazon EC2, use the AWS Management Console, the AWS CLI, or the AWS SDKs. AWS offers a free tier to help you get started.
What Are the Amazon EC2 Instance Types?
Amazon EC2 Instance types are optimized for different use cases and workloads and come in multiple sizes. Scale resources optimally to meet your workload's requirements.
Consider the following when choosing your instances: core count, memory size, storage size and type, network performance, input/output (I/O) requirements, and CPU technologies.
The chart below provides a high-level view of the different instance categories and which instance types fit into each category.
||T3, T2, M5, M5A, M4
||R5, R4, X1e, X1, L, z1d,
High Memory Instances
|P3, P2, G3, F1
||H1, I3, D2
||Distributed file systems
Understand Serverless Architectures
Serverless allows you to build and run applications and services without worrying about managing and operating servers or runtimes.
Use AWS Lambda to run code without provisioning or managing servers. It’s an event-driven, serverless compute service. You pay only for the compute time you consume—there is no charge when your code is not running.
The service enables you to run code for virtually any type of application or backend service. After you upload your code, Lambda takes care of everything required to run and scale with high availability. You can set up your code to automatically trigger from other AWS services, or you can call it directly from any web or mobile app.
Run Containers with AWS Compute Services
A container is a package that contains all of the components of an application bundled together, including code and dependencies.
You can deploy and run containers using AWS compute services.
- Amazon Elastic Container Service (Amazon ECS) is a highly scalable, high-performance container management service that supports Docker containers. Amazon ECS enables you to run containerized applications on a managed cluster of Amazon EC2 instances.
- Amazon Elastic Kubernetes Service (Amazon EKS) is a fully managed Kubernetes service. Kubernetes is an open source software that enables you to deploy and manage containerized applications at scale.
If you want serverless compute for containers, there’s AWS Fargate. Use AWS Fargate to automatically provision, scale, load balance, and manage scheduling of your Amazon ECS and Amazon EKS containers.
Compute Services Wrap-Up
AWS offers many compute options. Amazon EC2 provides virtual machines. Amazon ECS and Amazon EKS are container-based compute services. Finally, there’s serverless computing that doesn’t require you to provision or manage servers. For serverless, there’s AWS Lambda or AWS Fargate. Both allow you to focus on your core products instead of worrying about managing and operating servers or runtimes, either in the cloud or on-premises.