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Learn About AWS Pricing Models

Learning Objectives

After completing this unit, you’ll be able to:

  • Explain the various pricing models for core services.
  • Apply best practices when determining the pricing model that’s best for your business.
Note

Note

This module was produced in collaboration with Amazon Web Services, which owns, supports, and maintains the Amazon Web Services products, services, and features described here. Use of Amazon Web Services products, services, and features is governed by privacy policies and service agreements maintained by Amazon Web Services.

AWS pricing is similar to how you pay for utilities like water and electricity. You only pay for the services you consume, and once you stop using AWS, there are no additional costs or termination fees.

Understand the Fundamentals of AWS Pricing

AWS offers a range of cloud computing services. For each service, you pay for exactly the amount of resources that you actually use, without requiring long-term contracts or complex licensing. This pay-as-you-go pricing approach includes:

  • Pay for what you use.
  • Pay less when you reserve.
  • Pay less with volume-based discounts when you use more.
  • Pay even less as AWS grows.

AWS passes savings back to you in the form of lower pricing by working to reduce data center hardware costs, improving operational efficiencies, lowering power consumption, and generally lowering the cost of doing business. These optimizations and growing economies of scale have resulted in AWS lowering pricing over 70 times since 2006.

Pay-As-You-Go

three coins connected with a dotted line

Pay-as-you-go pricing allows you to:

  • Adapt to changing business needs without overcommitting budgets.
  • Improve your responsiveness to change.
  • Adapt your business depending on need rather than forecasts.
  • Reduce the risk of provisioning too much, or too little, resources.
  • Focus on innovation and invention.
  • Reduce procurement complexity.
  • Enable your business to be more elastic.

Use More, Save More

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With AWS, you can get volume-based discounts as your usage increases. For services such as Amazon Simple Storage Service (Amazon S3) and data transferred out from Amazon Elastic Compute Cloud (Amazon EC2), pricing is tiered. This means the more you use, the less you pay per GB. Data transferred in is usually free of charge (there can be some exceptions).

As your AWS usage needs increase, you benefit from the economies of scale that allow you to increase adoption and keep costs under control.

Use the AWS Free Tier

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AWS offers more than 60 products with one of three types of free offerings to get you started.

  • Always free, like the AWS Well-Architected Tool, 1 million AWS Lambda requests per month, 25 GB of Amazon DynamoDB storage, and more.
  • 12 months free after you first sign-up date to AWS, like 50 GB of data transfer out from CloudFront, 5 GB Amazon S3 standard storage, and more.
  • Short-term free trials, like 90 days of Amazon Inspector (a security assessment service), two months of Amazon Redshift, and more.

There might be charges associated with other AWS services used with free services. For example, Amazon EC2 Auto Scaling is free. However, when you automatically scale additional EC2 instances, you may be charged if your Amazon EC2 use exceeds the free tier.

To view all of the products available in the AWS free tier, visit https://aws.amazon.com/free/.

Know the Services and Pricing Models

Different types of services lend themselves to different pricing models. For example, Amazon EC2 pricing varies by instance type, while the Amazon Aurora database service includes charges for data input/output (I/O) and storage.

This table provides an overview of pricing factors for a range of commonly used services. You can always find current price information for each AWS service at http://aws.amazon.com/pricing.

Service
Pricing Factors
Amazon Simple Storage Service (Amazon S3)
  • Region
  • Amount of storage used
  • Storage class
  • Number and type of requests (GET, PUT, COPY)
  • Amount of data transferred out of the region
Amazon Elastic Compute Cloud (Amazon EC2)
  • Instance type
  • Compute capacity per hour or per second depending on instance
  • Purchase type (discussed below)
AWS Auto Scaling
  • There is no charge for AWS Auto Scaling
  • Pay only for scaled AWS resources (for example, EC2 instances) and Amazon CloudWatch monitoring
AWS Lambda
  • Number of requests for functions, per 1M requests
  • Duration (time it takes for code to execute per GB-second)
Amazon Elastic Block Store
  • GB volume provisioned per month
  • Snapshot storage in Amazon S3 and volume of data transferred across regions
  • Outbound data transfer (inbound data transfer is free)
Amazon Relational Database Service
  • Database engine and instance type
  • On-Demand versus Reserved Instances
  • Backup Storage and Region
  • Data transfer
CloudFront
  • Region
  • Data transfer out to internet or origin (per GB)
  • HTTP/HTTPS requests (per 10,000)
DynamoDB
  • On-demand and provisioned capacity available
  • Reads and writes
  • Data transfer out to other AWS Regions

Let’s take a look at the pricing considerations for two of the most important AWS services in more detail.

Explore Amazon EC2 Purchase Types

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AWS offers five ways to pay for Amazon EC2 instances to suit different use cases.

On-Demand

With On-Demand Instances, you pay for compute capacity per hour or per second depending on which instances you run. No longer-term commitments or upfront payments are needed. You can increase or decrease your compute capacity depending on the demands of your application and only pay the specified per hourly rates for the instance you use.

On-Demand Instances are recommended for:

  • Users that prefer the low cost and flexibility of Amazon EC2 without any up-front payment or long-term commitment
  • Business critical applications with short-term, spiky, or unpredictable workloads
  • Applications being developed or tested on Amazon EC2 for the first time

Paying per second is for Linux only.

Spot Instances

Amazon EC2 Spot enables you to request spare Amazon EC2 computing capacity for up to 90% off the On-Demand price. With Spot Instances, you pay the Spot price that's in effect for the time period your instances run. Spot Instance prices are set by Amazon EC2 and adjust gradually based on long-term trends in supply and demand for Spot Instance capacity.

Spot instances are recommended for:

  • Applications that have flexible start and end times.
  • Applications that are only feasible at very low compute prices.
  • Users with urgent computing needs for large amounts of additional capacity.

Reserved Instances

Reserved Instances can be purchased in either one year or three year commitments. For applications that have steady state or predictable usage, Reserved Instances can provide you with a significant discount (up to 75%) compared to On-Demand instances.

Reserved Instances are recommended for:

  • Applications with steady state usage.
  • Customers who can commit to using Amazon EC2 over a 1- or 3-year term to reduce their total computing costs.

Savings Plans

Savings Plans are a flexible pricing model that offer low prices on Amazon EC2 and AWS Fargate usage in exchange for a commitment to a consistent amount of usage (measured in $/hour) for a 1- or 3-year term.

Savings Plans offer discounts similar to Reserved Instances but with added flexibility.

Dedicated Hosts

A Dedicated Host is a physical Amazon EC2 server dedicated for your use. Dedicated Hosts can help you reduce costs by enabling you to use your existing server-bound software licenses, including Windows Server, SQL Server, and SUSE Linux Enterprise Server (subject to your license terms). They can also help you meet compliance requirements.

Dedicated Hosts can be purchased On-Demand (hourly) or as a Reservation for up to 70% off the On-Demand price.

Explore the Amazon S3 Pricing Model

box with three arrows pointing in different directions

With Amazon S3, you pay only for the storage you use, with no minimum fee. Prices are based on the location of your S3 bucket.

When you begin to estimate the cost of Amazon S3, consider the following.

  • Storage class:
    • S3 Standard Storage
    • S3 Standard-Infrequent Access
    • S3 Intelligent-Tiering
    • S3 One Zone-Infrequent Access
    • Amazon S3 Glacier
    • Amazon S3 Glacier Deep Archive
  • Storage: Costs vary with number and size of objects stored in your buckets as well as the type of storage.
  • Requests: The number and type of requests. GET requests incur charges at different rates than other requests, such as PUT and COPY requests.
  • Data transfer: The amount of data transferred out of the Amazon S3 region.

In the next unit, you explore AWS Cost Management Services.

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