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Discover Relevant Insights Into Complex Problems

Learning Objectives

After completing this unit, you’ll be able to:
  • Create an Einstein Discovery story.
  • Use insights from the story to investigate the factors that can influence business outcomes (in this case, margin).
  • Ask questions to gain new insights that help you improve those outcomes.

What Happened to Our Margins?

Your company’s margins are shrinking and you're not sure why. But with Einstein Discovery in your toolbox, it's time to create a story that will give you answers!

Create the Story

If you’re not already in Analytics Studio in your DE Org, launch it from the App Launcher.
  1. Go to the Analytics Studio home, click All Items under Browse, scroll down to the Einstein Analytics dataset that contains the data you imported (APdist).
  2. Open the dropdown next to this dataset, and then click Create Story. Analytics Studio launches the Story Setup wizard.
    Einstein Discovery create story screen
  3. Based on the data in your dataset, Einstein Discovery suggests creating a story to “Maximize the field Margin.” The story is designed to answer a question: How do I maximize margins? And that question lines up with the most pressing question you have: What happened to lower our margins?

    You can open the lists below I want to and the field to see the other available selections. But in this case, Einstein Discovery is exactly right, so don’t make any changes.

    The default story name is the same as the dataset name, but “APDist” isn't descriptive enough. Change it to “Maximize Margins”. Keep the default App as “My Private App”.

  4. Click Story Type.
    For our investigation, we want Einstein to conduct the more comprehensive analysis of the data. Einstein Discovery create story type screen
  5. Therefore, click Insights & Predictions, then click Setup Options.
    For our investigation, let's have Einstein Discovery select the relevant fields for us. Einstein Discovery create story setup options screen
  6. Accept the default (Automated) and click Create Story.

Now sit back and watch as Einstein Discovery evaluates your data from just about every possible angle. This analysis usually takes a minute or two, so go ahead and take a stretch break.

Einstein Discovery story creation progress screen

When it’s done preparing the story, Einstein Discovery shows you the insights it found.

Einstein Discovery insight showing product comparisons

Start with What Happened insights, which are the results of Einstein’s descriptive analysis into what occurred in the past. The first visualization you see—a bar chart with highlights and explanatory text—represents the first of many insights that Einstein found. In fact, it’s the most statistically significant insight in the list. You can scroll through the list to explore other insights. Different products have widely different margins. An Einstein Discovery insight doesn’t simply present some data, it also highlights what’s important about it. The blue bars show the products where the margins were sufficiently better or worse than the average margin (the orange horizontal line).

Digging Deeper

But that’s a discovery you could have made easily enough on your own. The question is, why? What’s the cause? There are more insights in the story — let’s focus on the product with the lowest margin, alternators.

  1. Scroll down to the insight with the title “When Distributor is Nisizu, Product: Hybrid Motors and Lift Supports do better”. Insight showing that some products return better margins.

    Great—looks like some products are returning good margins, particularly Hybrid Motors and Lift Supports, as the insight shows us. But it still doesn’t tell us why alternator margins are lagging so far behind, so let's keep going.

  2. In the Search story insights section, select Product - Alternators.
  3. If it’s not already shown, scroll down to the insight with the title “When Product is Alternators, Distributor: Nisizu and BDINC do worse”.Insight showing margins for actuators

    The new insight tells you that all distributors are under-performing with alternators, but there’s one that’s doing especially poorly: Nisizu. You suspect that this distributor’s poor performance has had a major impact on overall margins. Let’s take this one step further and find another insight that tells us why.

  4. In the Insights Navigation bar, click Why It Happened.Changing the filter in the Recommended Insights On menu
    Note

    Note

    Why It Happened insights are another type of insight that Einstein Discovery generates. Why It Happened insights help you take a deeper look into the exact factors that led to a particular outcome.

    You see a new insight that supports what you already suspected: “Product is Alternators by itself explains 4.088 of the change in Margin.”

    Detailed insight showing actuator margins

The waterfall graph reveals a new view of your data. The explanatory text says: “Distributor is Nisizu occurs 35.8% of the time globally but it changes to 52.8% when it is known that Product is Alternators.” In other words, Nisizu is responsible for more than 50% of your distribution deals for alternators! That explains a significant part of the drop in margins.

Next Question: How Can We Improve Margins?

Now you have some ideas about what’s causing margins to fall. That’s great, but you need a solution, so the obvious question to ask next is “What can I do about it?”

Let's try another type of insight, What Could Happen, to figure this out. What Could happen insights include:
  • predictions of future outcomes based on a predictive analysis of your data
  • recommendations on how to improve your prediction based on a prescriptive analysis
  1. On the Insights navigation bar, click What Could Happen.
    Notice that Alternators is automatically selected. The projected margin is 20.68.

    Insight showing possible improvements to margin

  2. For Distributor, select Nisizu. The projected margin decreases to 15.02, which reaffirms what we already know - that distributing alternators through Nisizu lowers our margin.
  3. Select different distributors until you find one that provides the highest margin for alternators. Consider whether to redirect alternator sales through this distributor.
  4. Let’s see how Nisuzu performs with a different product. For Distributor, select Nisizu again.
  5. For Product, select Belt Drives. The predicted margin increases to 56.90.
    Insight showing possible improvements to margin

    Wow! That’s quite a jump! However, before we conclude that distributing belt drives through Nisizu is the best option, let’s try something. To see what the margin for belt drives looks like across all distributors, remove the Distributor filter.

  6. For Distributor, select Select an Option. The margin drops to 49.48. Having Nisizu distribute belt drives improves margin.
  7. Select different distributors until you determine which one provides the highest margin for belt drives. Perhaps you can consider redirecting belt drive sales through this distributor.
Great! You now have some ideas about why your margins are shrinking, and what you can do to improve them! Think of the work it would have taken to get the same results with your existing tools. Endless combing through spreadsheets, coming up with complex formulas for cross-tabulating and comparing results, emailing back and forth with distributors, and so on. With Einstein Discovery, you imported data from a CSV, navigated quickly through a few screens, and found actionable answers with just a few clicks. Looks like Einstein Discovery is going to make a great new addition to your team!