Time Estimate

Understand What Is The Difference Insights

Learning Objectives

After completing this unit, you’ll be able to:
• Navigate to a story’s What is the Difference insights and explore them.
• Understand the relationships between variables.
• Use these insights to help maximize customer lifetime value (CLV).

About What Is The Difference Insights

Note

The instructions in this unit assume that you have successfully created an Einstein Discovery story. Refer to the instructions in "Use Stories to Get the Big Picture," the first unit in this Trailhead module.

What Is The Difference insights are comparative insights. They help you better understand the relationships between explanatory variables and the goal (target outcome variable) in your story. These insights, based on a statistical analysis of your data, help you figure out which factors contribute to the biggest changes in the outcome variable. Einstein Discovery shows waterfall charts to help you visualize comparisons in What Is The Difference insights.

By isolating an explanatory variable, you can see and learn how it relates to the whole, and how it compares to another explanatory variable. For example, you can compare sales performance for manufacturing customers to your overall sales performance. In addition, you can compare sales performance between manufacturing and distribution customers. Finally, you can add a filter to focus on a smaller slice of your data (such as a particular sales region).

Find the Best Customers Using CLV

In this unit, we use What Is The Difference insights to explore the story you created previously. Recall that the goal of this story is to maximize customer lifetime value (CLV). CLV is a metric that predicts the profitability over the entire lifetime of the company’s relationship with a customer.

Select the What Is The Difference Insight Type

On the Insight Navigation bar, click the down arrow in the upper right, and then click What Is The Difference.

The Insights Navigation bar displays this category but no graph. To see a graph, you must first select a variable.

Compare an Explanatory Variable with the Global Average

In our example story, the global average represents the average CLV of all data in the dataset. It is useful to compare the CLV of a single variable with the global average CLV. To select a variable, for Relating to (select a variable) on the left of the Insights navigation bar, select Industry - Shipping.

When the calculations are complete, you see the most statistically significant insights in a waterfall chart.

CLV appears at the top of the graph as a reminder that we configured this story to maximize CLV as our outcome variable.

Note

Don’t worry if the images here differ slightly from the screens you see in Einstein Discovery. The interface elements are usually the same, but some of the details—including the data they show—can differ slightly.

At the top of the chart, the gray bar labeled Industry is Shipping (Average) shows us the average CLV when Industry is Shipping. To see more details, hover over the gray bar.

When our story maximizes CLV as the outcome variable, a red bar in the chart shows a condition that reduces CLV from the average. Hover over a red bar in the graph.

In this example, Small Terms represents the combined impact of all the variables not shown elsewhere in the waterfall chart. It’s like a miscellaneous or “everything else” category which, in this case, is made up of 1,338 other categories. The combined impact of all the small terms reduces CLV by 1,625 below average.

When our story maximizes CLV as the outcome variable, a green bar in the chart shows a condition that increases CLV from the average. Hover over a green bar in the graph.

In this example, when Type is Customer and Industry is Shipping, CLV is 496 above average.

Note

If our story goal was to minimize CLV, the green and red colors would be reversed.

The blue bar at the bottom of the chart shows the Global Average (Outcome), which represents the average CLV for all data in the dataset (20,136).

Compare Two Variables

Next, we add a second explanatory variable and compare the two. On the Insights navigation bar, go to Between (select a variable) on the right and select Industry - Technology.

When the calculations are complete, you see a waterfall chart comparing the two industries.

At a glance, this chart shows that CLV for Average when Industry is Technology (blue bar) outperforms Average when Industry is Shipping (gray bar) in many ways. For example, when Rating is Hot, Technology has a better lifetime CLV than Shipping.

Hover over the gray bar at the top of the chart that shows Average when Industry is Shipping.

Hover over the blue bar at the bottom of the chart that shows Average when Industry is Technology.

Comparing the actual CLV numbers confirms that the average CLV for Technology is higher than for Shipping.