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Learn About Server-Side JavaScript

Learning Objectives

After completing this unit, you'll be able to:

  • Review the fundamentals and syntax for server-side JavaScript (SSJS).
  • Know when to use Core and Platform SSJS libraries.
  • Implement SSJS functions and operators.
  • Work with SSJS examples and best practices.

While Marketing Cloud offers an integrated programmatic language with AMPscript, it’s not always convenient to learn an entirely new way of interacting with a platform. To help developers get started more quickly, Marketing Cloud put together server-side JavaScript (SSJS). The syntax and format should look familiar to web developers, but Marketing Cloud customized the language to function specifically with Marketing Cloud activities.

These functions don’t just allow access to Marketing Cloud activities—they also let you use  functionality that doesn’t exist in AMPscript.

  • You can use arrays in SSJS.
  • You can use the EVAL function in SSJS.
  • SSJS handles more advanced exception handling, including try catch blocks.

Before diving in, remember that SSJS does not work with external JavaScript libraries and you can’t work with the DOM.

SSJS Syntax and Personalization Strings

SSJS appears in Marketing Cloud as a code block, like this example.

<script runat=server language="JavaScript">
   [Insert JavaScript Here]
</script>

Or you can just open the block with <script runat=server> and simplify the whole matter.

SSJS also offers personalization strings to insert values from several different sources.

  • ctrl:field—Subscriber and system attributes from lists and sendable data extensions
  • ctrl:var—Variables
  • ctrl:eval—Functions and SSJS code expressions

Here are some examples.

If you want to pull a contact’s full name into a landing page, you can use this example.

<ctrl:field name=FullName />

This example returns the contactZIP variable, along with a default value if no value exists and a format for that number.

<ctrl:var name=contactZIP default=46201 format=g />

If you want to make the variable value uppercase, you can use a function like this one.

<ctrl:eval language=javascript default=none format=G>MyVal.toUpper()</ctrl:eval>

SSJS Libraries

SSJS offers two libraries, and you may notice some overlap between them. Both allow you to use standard JSON and JavaScript functionality, but you use the libraries at different times. So how do you know which one to use? There's a simple answer to that question.

  • Are you including SSJS in email or SMS messages? Use the Platform library.
  • Are you building landing pages or applications? Use the Core library.

Platform functions resemble their AMPscript counterparts and always begin with the Platform prefix. Otherwise, you can accomplish the same kinds of tasks as you can with AMPscript.

  • Retrieve and modify account information.
  • Interact with account users.
  • Interact with content areas.
  • Add, retrieve, delete, and update data extension information.
  • Perform date and time functions.
  • Create and send email messages and triggered sends.
  • Create, retrieve, update, and delete subscriber information.
  • Interact with HTTP functions and information.
  • Use a variety of utility and evaluation functions.

SSJS also supports these methods.

Method Name
Functionality
Add
Invokes the SOAP web service API Create method on an API object
Remove
Invokes the SOAP web service API Delete method on an API object
Update
Invokes the SOAP web service API Update method on an API object
Retrieve
Invokes the SOAP web service API Retrieve method on an API object

Next, let's look at how to retrieve data with SSJS. This function pulls data from the same location as the AMPscript example in the previous unit.

<script runat="server">
   var dataRows = Platform.Function.LookupRows('Purchases','MemberID',memID);
</script>

Now let's expand on that function and write those rows to an email.

<script runat="server">
   var dataRows = Platform.Function.LookupRows('CustomerData','Company','exampleCompany');
   if(dataRows && dataRows.length > 0) {
      for(var i=0; i<dataRows.length; i++) {
         Platform.Response.Write(dataRows[i]["Email"]);
      }
   }
</script>

If you want to add some more content to an email message, you can bring in content areas using several methods, including the key value shown in this example.

<script runat="server">
   var content = Platform.Function.ContentBlockByKey("myExternalKey","impressionRegion",false,"defaultContentHere");
</script>

The additional parameters allow you to specify an impression region for the content area, choose whether the insertion call stops if it encounters an error, and insert some default content if your specific content area can’t be found.

Next, we take a closer look at Guide Template Language (GTL).

Resources